BoE publishes results of 2021 Biennial Exploratory Scenario

The BoE has published the results of the Climate Biennial Exploratory Scenario (CBES). The key findings included:

  • Projections of climate losses are uncertain. UK banks and insurers have made progress but still need to do much more to understand and manage their exposure to climate risks.
  • At an aggregate level UK banks and insurers are likely to be able to absorb the costs of transition that fall on them. The overall costs will be lowest with early and well-managed action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and so limit climate change. Some costs that initially fall on banks and insurers will ultimately be passed on to their customers.
  • Governments set public climate policy, which will be a key determinant of the speed and shape of changes in the global economy. Banks and insurers have a collective interest in managing climate related financial risks in a way that supports that transition over time.

BoE asked banks and insurers participating in the CBES to use three scenarios to look at how climate-related risks could affect them. Two scenarios featured policies to limit global temperature rises, the third featured unchecked global warming. Each scenario examines the risks that could develop over a period of 30 years. The participating firms then modelled how their businesses could be affected in each scenario .The objective of the CBES was to explore the financial risks posed by climate change for the largest UK banks and insurers. 

Sam Woods, Deputy Governor for Prudential Regulation and Chief Executive Officer of the Prudential Regulation Authority, said: “Recent events such as the war in Ukraine and rises in energy prices illustrate the challenges banks and insurers can face from changes in their operating environment. Today’s exercise explores how well they are equipped to manage the longer-term challenges from climate change, in the context of our financial stability objective. We find that they are likely to be able to absorb the climate costs which fall on them without material risks to solvency, but will face significant headwinds and therefore need to continue to invest in their ability to support the economy’s transition to net zero.”

FIN. Team